What is a Mortgage? Know About the Basics of Mortgage Loan

What is a Mortgage? Know the Basics of Mortgage Loan

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What is a Mortgage

In life, we experience certain situations, from where we cannot avoid some expenses. A number of these expenses include business expansion, marriage, medical emergencies, or education. One such solution to satisfy these needs would be to avail of a Mortgage loan. It is secured in nature. A borrower must mortgage a property with the lender to avail this sort of loan against the property. The collateral is held by the lender until full repayment of the loan is completed. The loan is repaid through equated monthly installments or EMIs.

What is a Mortgage Loan?

It is just a loan against a property that you simply own. The property in question might be your house, a shop, or maybe a non-agricultural piece of land. It is offered by banks and non-banking finance companies. The lender provides you the principal loan amount and charges you an interest thereon. You’ll repay the loan in affordable monthly installments. Your property is your guarantee and it stays in possession of the lender until the loan is repaid fully. As such, the lender features a legal claim over the property for the tenure of the loan, and if the borrower defaults in paying off the loan, the lender has the right to seize it and auction it off.


There are various forms of mortgages:

  1. Simple Mortgage: In such type, the borrower must sign an agreement stating that if he/she is unable to pay back the borrowed amount in a specified time duration, then the lender can sell the property to anyone to get a refund
  2. Mortgage by Conditional Sale: Under it, the lender can put a particular number of conditions that the borrower must follow in terms of repayment. These conditions may include the sale of the property if there’s a delay within the monthly installments, a rise within the rate of interest due to delay in repayment, etc.
  3. English Mortgage: during this sort of mortgage, the borrower has got to transfer the property within the name of the lender at the time of taking money, at a condition that the property would be transferred back to the borrower once the entire amount is paid back
  4. Fixed-Rate Mortgage: When the lender assures the borrower that the rate of interest will remain an equivalent throughout the loan period is named Fixed-Rate Mortgage
  5. Usufructuary Mortgage: this type of mortgage gives a benefit to the lender. The lender has the proper over the property for the due course of the loan period, he can put the property on rent or use it for other purposes until the repayment of the quantity. But the most rights lie with the owner himself
  6. Anomalous Mortgage: a mixture of various sorts of mortgages is named an Anomalous Mortgage
  7. Reverse Mortgage: during this case, the lender lends money to the borrower on a monthly basis. The whole loan amount is split into installments and therefore the lender gives the borrower that money in installments
  8. Equitable Mortgage: during this sort of mortgage, the title deeds of the property are given to the lender. This is often a standard phenomenon within the banking mortgage loans. It is done to secure the property

What is the Mortgage Agreement?

A mortgage loan agreement sets the conditions of the agreement between a bank and a borrower. When marked, the agreement gives the borrower access to the money. Such an agreement also gives the moneylender the right to claim the sold property if the borrower doesn’t pay the loan’s installments.


Buying a house is probably going to be the greatest purchase you’ll ever make and a home loan will be your biggest obligation. Since you can spread the repayments on your home loan over many years, the amount you’ll repay each month is more reasonable and affordable!

When individuals take out their first loan, they usually select a long term. However, there are no guidelines about this and as we are living longer and the retirement age is going up, a 30-year mortgage is getting more normal. This can help cut your monthly payments down, yet on the other side, you’ll be burdened with the obligation for more.

It worth going for the briefest term you can afford – not only will you be mortgage-free sooner but you’ll also spare yourself a huge number of pounds in interest. Also, remember, when you remortgage and change to another product, you shouldn’t settle on another 25 or long term.

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Also read:

Understanding Different Types of Mortgage for Loan in India

Reverse Mortgage for Loan: How It Can Help Senior Citizen?

Eligibility and Documentation Process of Mortgage for Loan

Loan Against Property EMI Calculator

Loan Against Property: Factors That Affect Loan Against Property Eligibility

Loan Against Property Without Income Proof & Income Tax Return

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Your home loan will be processed in 2 steps:

  1. You receive the approval of your home loan.
  2. You sign the loan agreement papers and complete other necessary documentation. The loan amount is thereafter paid directly to the builder by Home First Finance Company.

Loan decisions are made in less than a week. You will receive an SMS on your registered mobile number as soon as we make a decision.

HomeFirst does not charge any prepayment fees. This applies to both partial and full repayments. In fact, we have a special Auto-Prepay feature to facilitate this process for you.

HomeFirst offers loan tenures between 1 year to 25 years. If you opt for a longer tenure, you can get the advantage of a lower EMI each month.

HomeFirst can provide finance up to 90% of the property value. The balance has to be arranged by you from other sources. Please note: 90% financing is only available for loans amounting to less than Rs. 30 lakhs.

All co-owners of the property have to be co-applicants to the loan. A person who is not a co-owner can also become a co-applicant to the loan.

During the construction phase, HomeFirst will disburse funds to the builder on your behalf. These will be based on payment requests made by the builder as per the construction schedule.

HomeFirst will charge interest only on the amount disbursed as loan during the construction phase. In this period, interest is charged only on the disbursed loan amount. For example, if you have a sanctioned loan of Rs 10 lakhs, but the property is under construction and we have disbursed only Rs 4 lakhs, you will be charged interest only on 4 lakhs. These interest payments are referred to as pre-EMI interest payments.

EMI payments will start only after completion of the project and registration of the property.

All cheques to HomeFirst should be written out in favor of ‘Home First Finance Company India Limited’.

In the event of an unfortunate incident, home loan insurance will help you or your family pay off the home loan. This ensures that the burden does not suddenly fall upon family members at a bad time.

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